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Gassan Chikanori Shobuzukure Katana



A shobuzukure katana attributed Gassan Chikanori, Eisho jidai (1504 - 1521).  There is one juyo example.  Hawatare:  2 shaku 2 sun 0 bu  4.5 rin (66.8 cm / 26.3").  Motohaba:  3.27 cm.    Kasane:  3.4 mm. Suguba, gunome notare, kinsuji, sunagashi, hataraki, nado.  The jigane is itame hadatasu with o-mokume nagare and  masame,  with itame.  There are abundant chikei, nado.  The boshi is jizo.   There are two inconsequential kizu, as pictured below.  In fresh Japanese polish, shirasaya, and niju gold foil habaki.  Pictured in Juyo Token Nado Zufu - #38;  rated a double circle in Nihon To Meikan; rated 2,000,000 yen in Toko Taikan;  rated Chujo saku  in Fujishiro's  Nihonto Jiten - Koto Hen;  pictured in Yumei Koto Taikan and Nihonto Koza - Koto Part II   NTHK-NPO  awarding 75 points.  As of 2000, there was one juyo, a wakizashi dated Eisho kyu nen ni gatsu kichi jitsu (an auspicious day in February 1512).

The Gassan school dates from Kamakura period, although according to Homma Sensei, he had never seen a signature earlier than Nambokucho.  The name Gassan seems to have been taken from the Reiho Gassan, the highest mountain in the northeast region, and is snow covered year round, so this would have been an impossible place to set up a forge.  Inscriptions from Muromachi place the Gassan as working in Yachi, in Sagae, present day Yamagata-ken.  There is an inscription referring to Shonai, of which there are four named cities, and one is in Yamagata-ken. 

Generally Gassan works are done in ayasugi hada and a suguba or notare hamon, and the nioiguchi is weak and misty.  Chikanori and his mon were the exception to this generalization.  They worked in itame, tempered in hosho suguba or gunome midare.  The ji and ha are stronger than that of ordinary Gassan works.                           







Mokume, Itame Nagare & Chikei

Shallow Tate Ware & Open Grain (above)                 


Ubu Nakago


NTHK-NPO Kanteisho




NTHK-NPO Work Sheet                                                                                                              Token Bijitsu     



The Index of Koto Juyo Blades

Wakizashi   Mei   Dewa Junin Gassan Chikanori

Eisho Kyu Nen Ni Gatsu Kichijitsu (February 1512)



Nihon Toko Jiten - Koto Hen



Toko Taikan



Nihonto Koza - Koto Part II



Yumei Koto Taikan

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